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Antarctica is the only continent without a native human population. The Antarctic Treaty was set in place in 1961 to protect this unique environment for peaceful purposes and for scientific research. The area this treaty covers is all the land and ice shelves south of 60°S latitude.
The treaty currently has 49 signatory nations.
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Click here to view the original Antarctic Treaty

There are three other agreements that now make up the full ‘Antarctica Treaty System’.
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Photographer: John Mitchell (Niwa)

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